List of textile fibers

Textile fibres can be created from many natural sources (animal hair or fur, insect cocoons as with silk worm cocoons), as well as semisynthetic methods that use naturally occurring polymers, and synthetic methods that use polymer-based materials, and even minerals such as metals to make foils and wires. The textile industry requires that fibre content be provided on content labels. These labels are used to test textiles under different conditions to meet safety standards (for example, for flame-resistance), and to determine whether or not a textile is machine washable or must be dry-cleaned.

Animal

  • Alpaca
  • Angora – Angora rabbit
  • Camel hair – Bactrian Camel
  • Cashgora – Cashgora goat
  • Cashmere – Cashmere goat
  • Guanaco – Guanaco
  • Horsehair
  • Llama
  • Mohair – Angora goat
  • Silk
  • Vicuna
  • Wool

Vegetable

  • Coir
  • Cotton
  • Flax
  • Hemp
  • Jute
  • Kapok
  • Linen
  • Pina
  • Raffia
  • Ramie
  • Sisal

Man-made

  • Acrylic
  • Aramid
  • Elastane
  • Modacrylic
  • Nylon
  • Polyacrylonitrile
  • Polyamide
  • Polyester
  • Polyethylene
  • Polypropylene
  • Polytetrafluoroethylene
  • Polyurethane
  • Polyvinyl chloride (PVC)
  • Vinyl

Natural polymers

  • Acetate
  • Cupro
  • Elastodiene
  • Metal fibre
  • Modal
  • Lyocell
  • Triacetate
  • Viscose
  • Tencel
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